Jeffrey Burton Russell is Professor of History, Emeritus, at the University of California, Santa Barbara. Besides UCSB, he has taught History and Religious Studies at Berkeley, Riverside, Harvard, New Mexico, and Notre Dame. He has published seventeen books and many articles, most of them in his special field, history of theology. He is most noted for his five-volume history of the concept of the Devil, published by Cornell University Press between 1977 and 1988. He would prefer to be most noted for two more recent books, Inventing the Flat Earth (1991), which shows how nineteenth-century anti-Christians invented and spread the falsehood that educated people in the Middle Ages believed that the earth was flat, and A History of Heaven: The Singing Silence, Princeton University Press (1997), a study of the history and meaning of heaven in Christian thought from the beginnings to the time of Dante.

 


  • The Uniqueness of Jesus
  • Glory in Time
  • Heaven
  • A Glimpse of Heaven
  • In the World But Not of the World
  • The Last Judgment
  • Miracles and the Metanormal
  • Dissent, The Devil, and the Return of the Cosmos to God
  • Relativism
  • Abortion
  • The Myth of the Flat Earth

  • Home address: 4798 Calle Camarada, Santa Barbara CA 93110 USA
    Office: Dept. Of History, UCSB, Sants Barbara, CA 93106
    e-mail russell@history.ucsb.edu

    Education:

    University of California, Berkeley, A.B. 1955; A.M. l957
    Emory University, Ph.D., 1960
    Université de Liège (Belgium), 1959-60

    Employment:

    1960-1961 University of New Mexico: Assistant Professor of History

    1961-1962 Harvard University: Junior Fellow, Society of Fellows

    1962-1975 University of California, Riverside
    1962-1965 Assistant Professor of History
    1965-1969 Associate Professor of History
    1969-1975 Professor of History
    1967-1975 Associate Dean of the Graduate Division
    1972-1973 Chair, Religious Studies Program

    l975-l977 University of Notre Dame: Director of the Medieval Institute, Grace Professor of Medieval Studies, Professor of History

    1977-1979 California State University, Sacramento: Graduate Dean

    1979 University of California, Santa Barbara: Professor of History

    1994- University of California, Santa Barbara: Professor of History and Religious Studies

    1994- Pacifica Graduate Institute: Adjunct Professor

    Academic Honors:

    1954 Phi Beta Kappa
    1959-1960 Fulbright Fellow (Belgium)
    1961-1962 Harvard Junior Fellow
    1968-1969 Guggenheim Fellow (England)
    1972-1973 National Endowment for the Humanities Senior Fellow
    1985 Elected Fellow of the Medieval Academy
    1991 Faculty Research Lecturer, UCSB
    1991 Director, NEH Summer Seminar on Religious Dissent in the Middle Ages
    1993 Director, NEH Summer Seminar on the idea of Heaven in Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages
    1996 Erick Nilson Award

    Courses taught:

    History of Heaven
    History of Christianity to 1300
    History of the Devil
    Philosophy of History
    Medieval History
    Ancient History
    Western Civilization
    History of Spirituality
    Historical Writing
    Seminar in Medieval History
    Medieval Latin
    Latin Paleography
    History and Truth
    Readings Seminars

    Doctoral students (degree completed):

    Chair or Co-Chair:
    Alberto Ferreiro (Medieval history)
    Leon McCrillis (Medieval history)
    Mark Wyndham (Medieval history)
    Karen Jolly (Medieval history)
    Cheryl Riggs (Medieval history)
    Marylou Ruud (Medieval history)
    Cameron Airhart (Medieval history)
    Jan Ryder (Medieval history)
    Mary Suydam (Medieval history)
    Douglas Lumsden (Medieval history)
    Christine McCann (Medieval history)
    Deborah McBride (Medieval history)
    Wendy Wright (Interdisciplinary)
    Tim Vivian (Interdisciplinary)
    Anthony Koeninger Pastor-Zelaya (American church history)
    Ronald Morgan (Mexican saints)

    On Dissertation Committee:
    Jeanne Harrie
    Charles Harvey
    Theodore Antry
    Helen Conrad O’Briain
    Stephanie Moers
    RaGena DeAragon
    Cassandra Potts
    Robin Fleming
    Pam Morgan
    Miriam Raub Vivian
    Samuel Antcliffe
    Barry Ryan
    Jonathan Rainbow
    Mark Smith
    Heather Tanner
    Lois Huneycutt
    Robert Babcock
    Janet Pope
    Hok-ming Cheung
    David Spear
    David Toye
    Rick Kennedy
    Beth Digeser
    Robert Helmerichs
    David Schmidt
    Fiona Harris Stoertz
    Anne Barton
    Laura Wertheimer
    Rachel Howes
    David Elliott
    Deborah Gerish
    Tim Hagen
    Justin Stephens
    James B. Tschen Emmons

    Professional Papers Presented by Invitation:

    1961: AHA: heresy
    1965: UCLA: Celts and Teutons
    1969: MAP: witchcraft
    1969: Spartanburg conference: heresy
    1969: AHA: witchcraft
    1972: UCLA: medieval witchcraft and science
    1973: Oberlin: medieval pantheism
    1973: SUNY Binghamton: witchcraft
    1973: SUNY Albany: witchcraft
    1974: UCD: witchcraft
    1974: Univ. of Tennessee: Thomas Aquinas as a dissenter
    1974: UCSB: witchcraft
    1975: Claremont: the Devil
    1975: St. Mary's: the Devil
    1975: Midwest Medieval Conference: the history of concepts
    1976: Purdue: the Devil in the history of concepts
    1976: Annual Jungian conference: the Devil
    1976: Ball State: the medieval psyche
    1976: UCR: the demonization of minorities
    1977: Notre Dame Art Gallery: the iconography of the Devil
    1978: York University: the medieval heretic's view of himself
    1978: Fort Hays State: witchcraft
    1978: AHA: heresy and society
    1978: UC Berkeley: the demonization of minorities
    1979: UCSB: the demonization of minorities
    1979: UW Madison: the demonization of minorities
    1979: York University: heresy and society
    1980: Medieval Academy: Henry of Lausanne
    1981: Sewanee Medieval Colloquium: keynote speaker: declined
    1983: UCR: the Devil and Dante
    1984: UCSB Religious Studies Colloquium: Time after time: a new theodicy
    1987: UCLA: The Devil and the concept of evil
    1987: LoyolaMarymount: Conscience in the Middle Ages
    1987: Univ. of Texas Institute for the Humanities: The concept of evil
    1987: UCLA: In Pursuit of the Ordinary
    1988: California State Univ. San Bernardino: spiritual eschatology
    1989: Interdisciplinary Center for the Humanities: the flat earth
    1989: University of Missouri: the flat earth
    1989: Free University of Berlin : the Devil: declined
    1990: Goethe Institute UCSB: Mephistopheles
    1990: University of Barcelona: The idea of evil in the Middle Ages (declined)
    1990: Western Society for French History: Comment on societal Structures in Medieval France
    1991: UCLA: Historiography of Medieval Heresy and Witchcraft
    1991: UCSB Faculty Research Lecture: Glory in Time
    1991: Dissent and Order: NEH Summer Seminar, UCSB
    1991: University of Hawaii: Cosmos and Meaning: Concept of Heaven
    1991: University of Hawaii: Inventing the flat earth
    1991: Anthropologisch Sociologisch Centrum, Univ. of Amsterdam: declined
    1991: Seattle Pacific University: Early medieval monasticism: declined
    1992: Oxford University: Medieval heresy: declined
    1992: University of Wyoming: The practice of history
    1992: University of Wyoming: Inventing the flat earth
    1992: UCSB History Associates: Inventing the flat earth
    1992: UCSB Library Associates: Rounding the flat earth
    1992: UCSB Phi Beta Kappa: The flat lie and the round earth
    1992: University of Madrid: medieval religious dissent: declined
    1992: Conference on Faith and History: Writing and teaching the history of faith
    1993: UCSB: Reconstructions of the supernatural (with Richard Hecht)
    1993: Medieval Academy of America: Reconstructions of the supernatural
    1993: Pacifica Institute: The Body of Christ and the Body of Satan: corporeality in the Middle Ages
    1993: University of Pisa: Medieval witchcraft: declined
    1993: The Concept of Heaven: NEH Summer Seminar, UCSB
    1993: AHA PCB: The historian and the "supernatural"
    1993: Villanova University: Columbus: declined
    1993: Messiah College: Christian education: declined
    1993: Univ. of Wisconsin, Madison: Social history of heresy: declined
    1994: UCSB Emeriti: Visions of and Voyages to Heaven
    1995: Univ. of Taiwan: aspects of medieval Christianity; declined
    1995: Univ. of Notre Dame: declined
    1995: Medieval Institute, Western Michigan University: declined
    1996: "The Human Body in Judeo-Christian Heaven." UCSB Emeriti.
    1996: Pacifica Graduate Institute: Body and Cosmos in the Middle Ages.
    1996: SUNY Potsdam, declined
    1997: IHC UCSB: Heaven
    1997: ASA Science Education Commission: The Flat Earth Myth
    1998: keynote speaker, Plymouth State Medieval Studies: declined
    1998: series speaker at Community Presbyterian Church, Ventura: Heaven; Hell; Eternity
    1998: Westmont College Erasmus Society: Heaven Past Present and Future
    1998: Veritas Forum: Making Sense of Good and Evil
    1998: UCSB: The Resurrection of Christ
    1998: UCSB Associates: Heaven and Hell
    1998: The Institute for the Humanities at Salado, Texas: The History of Heaven
    1999: University of Berlin: The shape of the medieval earth. Declined.
    2000: Graduate Theological Union: Evil. Declined.
    2000: Pacifica Graduate Institute: Evil
    2000: Veritas Forum: The Journey’s End
    2000: St Augustine’s Academy: St Augustine
    2001: Templeton Lecture: Constructing Cosmos: Science, Religion, History, and Reality
    2002: Symposium on Evil, Holy Cross University. Declined.
    2002: Conference on Evil, Louisville, KY. Declined.
    2004: Dante's Paradiso: Pepperdine University

    Major media interviews and presentations:

    1985 for the Australian Broadcasting Corp.
    1988 for BBC TV
    1990 for NPR
    1992 for Australian Broadcasting Corp.
    1995 for A&E Network
    1996 for Discovery Channel
    1996 for Learning Channel
    1997 for BBC TV
    1997 for ABC
    1997 for Australian Broadcasting Corp.
    1997 for Mars Audiotapes
    1998 for A&E
    2000 for BBC radio: The Medieval Ball, with Terry Jones.
    2000 for Australian Broadcasting
    2001 for MSNBC
    2001 for PBS
    2002 for British TV 4 series on evil

    Dozens of minor TV and radio interviews since 1980

    Boards:

    Board of Editors, The Historian, 1984-1996
    Board of Editors, Mediaevalia, 1975-1995
    Editorial Board, Religious Studies, ABC-Clio Press
    Board of Directors, The Historical Society 1998-2000

    Major Publications:

    1.  "Political Terminology and Totalitarianism" Emory University Quarterly, 17 (1961): 98]107.

    2.  "Les Cathares de 1048]1054 à Liège." Bulletin de la Société d'art et d'histoire du diocèse de Liège, 42 (1961): 1]8.

    3.  “A propos du synode d’Arras en 1025.” Revue d'histoire ecclésiastique, 57 (1962): 66]87.

    4.  "Religious Commitment and Historical Writing." The Christian Scholar, 45 (1962): 18]21.

    5.  "Interpretations of the Origins of Medieval Heresy." Medieval Studies, 25 (1963): 26]53.

    6.  "Courtly love as religious dissent." Catholic Historical Review, 51 (1963): 31]44.

    7.  "Saint Boniface and the eccentrics." Church History, 33 (1964): 235]247.

    8.  Dissent and Reform in the Early Middle Ages.  Berkeley: University of California Press, l965.

    9. "Celt and Teuton." In Lynn White, Jr., ed., The Transformation of the Roman World.  (Berkeley: UC Press,1966), 232]265.

    10.  "Catholicism." In Joseph Dunner, ed. Handbook of World History (New York: Philosophical Press, 1967).

    11.  "Heresy." in Dunner.

    12.  "Papacy." in Dunner.

    13.  Medieval Civilization.  New York: John Wiley and Sons, 1968.

    14.  A History of Medieval Christianity: Prophecy and Order.  New  York: T.Y. Crowell, 1968.

    15. "Witchcraft and Heresies." In Values and the Medieval Classics in Secondary Education (Spartanburg, S.C., 1969), 61]74.

    16.  Ed., Religious Dissent in the Middle Ages.  New York: Wiley,  1971.

    17.  Witchcraft in the Middle Ages.  Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1972.  Partial German transl. in Claudia Honegger, ed. Die Hexen der Neuzeit: Studien zur Sozialgeschichte Frankfurt am/M: Suhrkamp, 1978), 159-187.

    18.  "Varieties of Christian Experience."  In Richard L. DeMolen, ed., One Thousand Years    (Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1974), 235]283. 

    19.  "Medieval Witchcraft and Medieval Heresy."  In Edward A. Tiryakin, ed., On the Margin of the Visible (New York: Wiley, 1974), 179]189.

    20.  "The Experience of Evil."  In Richard Woods, ed., Heterodoxy, Mystical Experience, Religious Dissent, and the Occult (Chicago, 1975), 71]83.

    21.  "In Search of the Devil." Indiana Social Science Quarterly, 28 (1975/6): 24]37.

    22.  "Witchcraft and the Demonization of Heresy."  With Mark Wyndham.  Medievalia, 2 (1976): 1]21.  Reprinted in Witchcraft, Magic, and Demonology, ed. Brian Levack (New York: Garland, 1992).

    23.  The Devil: Perceptions of Evil from Antiquity to Primitive Christianity. Ithaca: Cornell, 1977.  Serbo-Croatian translation (MIT O DAVOLU), 1982; Japanese translation, 1984; Italian translation 1989 (IL DIAVOLO NEL MONDO ANTICO). 2d Italian edition 1992. Portuguese translation (O  DIABO), 1992; Spanish translation (EL DIABLO: PERCEPCIONES DEL MAL, DE LA ANTIGüEDAD AL CRISTIANISMO PRIMITIVO), 1995; Turkish translation, CEYTAN, 1999; Russian translation in preparation; Korean translation in press; Polish translation in preparation.

    24.  Ed., "Satanism: Studies and Representations of Witchcraft and Demonology."  New York: AMS Press, 1979.

    25.  A History of Witchcraft: Sorcerers, Heretics, Pagans.  London:  Thames and Hudson, 1980. Japanese translation, 1987.  Spanish translation, HISTORIA DE LA BRUJERIA, 1998.  Korean translation, 2001.   Polish translation, KROTKA HISTORIA CZAROWNICTWA, 2004.

    26.  Medieval Heresies: A Bibliography 1960-1979. With Carl T. Berkhout.  Toronto: Pontifical Institute for Medieval Studies, 1981.

    27.  "European Witchcraft." In Joseph R. Strayer, ed., Dictionary of the Middle Ages.  New York: Scribner's, 1981.            

    28.  "The Early Church." In Strayer.

    29.  "The Latin Church to 1054."  In Strayer. 

    30.  Satan: The Early Christian Tradition.  Ithaca: Cornell, 1981. Italian translation (SATANA), 1986; Spanish translation (SATANAS), 1986; Japanese translation, 1988; Serbo-Croatian translation, 1982.; Russian translation in preparation; Korean translation in press; Polish translation in preparation

    31. Dissent and Reform in the Early Middle Ages. 2d ed.  New York: AMS Press, 1983.     3d ed. Eugene, Ore.: Wipf and Stock, in press.

    32. "Devil." In the Westminster Dictionary of Christian Theology (Philadelphia: Westminster, 1983).

    33.  "Demonology; Demons." In Westminster.

    34.  "Theologie und Psychologie des Hexenwesens." In Rolf Gehlen  and Bernd Wolf, eds., DER GLÄSERNE ZAUN (Frankfurt, Syndikat, 1983), 211-221.

    35.  Lucifer: The Devil in the Middle Ages.  Ithaca: Cornell, 1984; Italian translation (IL DIAVOLO NEL MEDIO EVO, 1987); Japanese translation, 1989; 2d Italian edition 1992; Spanish translation (LUCIFER: EL DIABLO EN LA EDAD MEDIA), 1995; 3d Italian ed., 1999; Portuguese translation (LUCIFER), 2003.

    36.  "The Devil and Folklore." Fort Hays Studies, 3:5 (1985): 16]27.

    37.  Mephistopheles: The Devil in the Modern World.  Ithaca: Cornell, 1986.  Italian translation (IL DIAVOLO NEL MONDO MODERNO), 1988; 2d Italian edition 1991; Japanese translation 1992; Portuguese transl. in press

    38.  "Witchcraft: Overview."  In Mircea Eliade, ed., THE   ENCYCLOPEDIA OF RELIGIONS. 1987.

    39.  "Heresy: Christian Heresies."  In Eliade.

    40.  "History and Truth."  The Historian, 50 (1987): 3]13.

    41.  The Prince of Darkness: Evil and the Power of Good of History.  Ithaca: Cornell, 1988. Italian translation (IL PRINCIPE DELLE TENEBRE), 1990; Japanese translation, 1991; Spanish translation (EL PRINCIPE DE LAS TINIEBLAS), 1994; 2d Italian edition 1992; Serbo-Croatian translation (PRINC TAME), 1995.  German translation (Vienna: Boehlau), 2000; Korean translation, 2000; Russian trans. in preparation; Polish translation in preparation.

    42.  "The Evil One." In Paul Woodruff and Harry Wilmer, eds., Facing Evil: Light at the Core of Darkness (Lasalle, IL: Open Court, 1988), 46]69.

    43.  "Witchcraft."  In Lawrence Sullivan, ed., Hidden Truths: Magic, Alchemy, the Occult

       (New York: Macmillan, 1990), 69]81.

    44. "The Life and Times of the Prince of Darkness."  Christianity Today (August 20, 1990): 20]22.

    45. Ruga in Aevis: A Latin Translation of A Wrinkle in Time.  Mendocino, CA, 1991. With Madeleine L'Engle and Kathleen Drake.

    46. "Glory in Time: The Longing of the Cosmos to Return to God."  Soundings, 22 (1991): 41-58. 

    47. Inventing the Flat Earth: Columbus and Modern Historians.  New York: Praeger, 1991; 2d ed. 1997.  Korean translation in progress.

    48. "Inventing the Flat Earth."  History Today 41 (1991): 13-19.

    49. "The Historical Devil."  In James R. Richardson, ed., The Satanism Scare (New York: De Gruyter, 1991), 41-48.

    50. Dissent and Order in the Middle Ages: The Search for Legitimate Authority.  New York: Twayne, 1992.

    51. "The Devil." In The Dictionary of Biblical Tradition in English Literature (Grand Rapids: Eerdman, 1992).

    52. "Witchcraft." In Dictionary of Biblical Tradition

    53. "The Flat Error: The Modern Distortion of Medieval Geography."  Mediaevalia 15 (1993): 337-354.

    54. "Foreword."  Paphnutius, Histories of the Monks of Upper Egypt and The Life of Onnophrius (Kalamazoo: Cistercian, 1993), 9-11.

    55. "Getting Satan Behind Us."  First Things 57 (Nov. 1995), 40-45.

    56.  A History of Heaven: The Singing Silence.  Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. 1997; Italian translation: STORIA DEL PARADISO CELESTE, 1996.  Audiotape edition, 1997; 2d ed., 2001.  Japanese translation, 1999.   German translation: GESCHICHTE DES HIMMELS, 1999.  Chinese translation, 2001.  Norwegian translation, HIMMELENS HISTORIE, 2002; Korean translation in progress.

    57. Inventing the Flat Earth.  2d ed.  New York: Praeger, 1997.

    58. "Scars and Memory: A Review Essay." Soundings 28 (1997): 30-35.

    59. Video: Ed., The Resurrection.  UCSB: Veritas Forum, 1997.

    60. "Charles Warren Hollister."  Speculum 73 (1998): 952-954.

    61. "Picture Prayer."  In The Power of Prayer, ed. Dale Salwak and Becky Benendate.  Novato, CA: New World Library, 1998.

    62. The Devil, Heresy, and Witchcraft in the Middle Ages: Essays in Honor of Jeffrey B.    Russell.  Ed. Alberto Ferreiro.  Leiden: Brill, 1998.

    63. "Biblical and Apocalyptic Roots of the Last Judgment;” “The Development of the Doctrine of the Last Judgment." With Bernard McGinn. In The Encyclopedia of Apocalypticism, 3 vols. (New York: Continuum, 1998), 2: 363-378.

    64. "Heaven; Paradise.”  In Allan Fitzgerald, ed., Saint Augustine through the Ages: An Encyclopedia.  Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1999.

    65. "Hell; Damnation."  In Fitzgerald.

    66. "Preface." to Joseph Amato, Dust: A History of the Minuscule.  Berkeley: University of California Press, 2000. 

    67.  “Afterword.” Imagining Heaven in the Middle Ages: A Book of Essays, ed. Jan Emerson and Hugh Feiss.  New York: Garland, 2000.

    68. The Fathers of the Jura: Translation and Introduction.  With Kim Vivian and Tim Vivian.  Kalamazoo, MI: Cistercian Publications, 2000.

    69. “Witchcraft.” Encyclopaedia Britannica, 2002.

    70. A History of Medieval Christianity: Prophecy and Order.  2d ed.  With Douglas Lumsden.  Peter Lang, 2000.

    71.  “Devil,” “Heaven,” “Witchcraft” in INFOGRAPHY ELECTRONIC PUBL. 2000

    72. “Beatific Vision.”  First Things.  No. 108 (2000): 43-46.

    73.  “Flat as the Earth.”  Mercator’s World, 6, # 6): 16-21. 2001.

    74.  “Foreword.”  C. Warren Hollister, Henry I.  London: Yale University Press, 2001.

    75.  “Heaven and Hell Before Dante.”  Christian History (20, no. 2): 38-42.  2001.

    76.    Video: Constructing Cosmos: Science, Religion, History, and Reality. 2001

    77.  “Heaven.”  Encyclopedia of Death and Dying. 2002.

    78.  “Wie die Erde flach wurde.” Trans. Marianne Diem. Eigentümlich Frei 5, #26 (July 2002) 11-13.

    79.  “Flattening the Earth.”  Mercury: The Journal of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific, 31, #5 (Sept./Oct. 2002): 34-38.

    80. Rick Kennedy.  “Jeffrey Burton Russell: An Appreciation of a Career on the Edge of the Profession.”  Historically Speaking 3 #4 (2002) 17-19.

    81. “Heaven/Hell.”  Encyclopedia of Protestantism. 2004.

    82. “Historical Errors Impeding Progress in Science and Religion.”   Templeton Foundation Press, 2004.

    83. “Devil.” Encyclopedia of Protestantism.  2004.

    84.  “The Devil.”  Encyclopedia of Witchcraft.  2005.

    85. “Science, Religion, History, and Metaphor.”  In James Proctor ed., Science, Religion, and the Human Experience. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005.

    86. “Heaven and Hell.”  Blackwell Companion to Religion. In press.

    87. “Time and Again.”  In Georgiana Donavin, ed.  Medieval Sermons.  In press.

    88.  The Ascetic Rules of Saint Basil the Great.  With Tim Vivian and Apostolos Athanassakis.  In press.

    89.  “The Reality of Radical Evil.”  In Predrag Cicovacki, ed., Destined for Evil.  Rochester University Press, 2004.

    90.  Paradise Mislaid.  In progress.  Oxford University Press.



    Over seventy book reviews.