Stephen Jay Gould has written that "The history of most fossil species include two features particularly inconsistent with gradualism: 1) Stasis - most species exhibit no directional change during their tenure on earth. They appear in the fossil record looking much the same as when they disappear; morphological change is usually limited and directionless; 2) Sudden appearance - in any local area, a species does not arise gradually by the steady transformation of its ancestors; it appears all at once and 'fully formed'. You seem to argue that irreducibly complex systems must appear all at once and fully formed because natural selection would not favor incipient stages of such systems. How do you see your work as confirming the discontinuous patterns found in the fossil record?